Palacio y jardín del Príncipe de Anglona

HISTORICAL CONTEXT

Some authors indicate that it was to be built around 1530 by Francisco de Vargas (advisor of the Catholic kings and Charles I and owner of the existing lands). The palace was purchased in 1605 by Alvaro de Benavides, who rebuilt it in 1607.

The palace is known by its name due to its owners, Pedro Alcántara Téllez Girón and Alonso Pimentel, Prince of Anglona. The history of this palace is known since the XVI century. In the XVII century, the palace happened to be property of the house of Benavente, because Antonio Alonso Pimentel de Herrera Zúñiga obtained the property by marriage to Isabel Francisca de Benavides and de la Cueva in 1652.

The garden was designed by Nicolás Chalmandrier in 1761. The first reform of the palace was in 1776 by Vicente Barcenilla.

Antonio López Aguado made an important reform in the palace, modifying the initial plant “in comb” that happened to be a plant developed around two patios and regularizing the 132 block, giving the palace its definitive form. Also, in the palace, there were works of interior decoration.

The palace became property of the Prince of Anglona, ​​after the death of his mother the Countess of Duchess of Benavente, occurred on October 5, 1834.

Types of rocks used to build the building:

In the garden, there is a fountain with spiral-shaped made of glossy stone. In one of the corners, on a slightly elevated platform,  with an iron structure. There is a second fountain made of limestone rock, adorns the north size of the garden. Also there is a layout and the original pavement of the roads, made with brick forming a herringbone shape.

Geological origin of the rocks

Limestone: Limestones rocks are formed in calm, warm marine waters. That type of environment is where organisms capable of forming calcium carbonate shells and skeletons can survive, these organisms die and form fossils.

Bricks(clay): is a sedimentary rock which is made as layers of this debris get compacted and cemented together.

Features of the rocks

Limestone: contains at least 50% calcium carbonate in the form of calcite by weight. All limestones contain at least a few percent other materials. These can be small particles of quartz, feldspar, clay minerals, pyrite, siderite, and other minerals. It can also contain large nodules of chert, pyrite, or siderite.

Bricks: Is a rectangular shape structural that are use for construction. There are mainly made of clay and other components . There are high durable because of the presence of clay and they have a wide variety of colours, designs and sizes.

Justification of the type of rock chosen.

Bricks are used for building and pavement. Bricks were used as a pavement material, but nowadays is more used as a decorative surface. Bricks are usually laid flat and are usually bonded forming a structure to increase stability and strength.

Limestone is a very functional rock. It is used to build roads, made buildings, etc. It is a hardened material that is formed when a mixture of cement, sand, crushed stone and water is poured into moulds and are allowed to cure or harden. Lower-grade limestones which are the ones with some clay content and can be used in the production of cement for use in the building and construction industry. Cement is a key ingredient because it creates huge volumes which are the ones that they use to serve as roading, foundations, structural beams and columns.

Quarries used for rocks extraction (and way of transport of them).

Limestone: is extracted by removing blocks of pieces of the geological deposits.These rocks is removed of the geological deposits by creating breaks in the stone to then been removed by heavy machinery.This material is extracted in the  quarries of Levantina.

Clay: is extracted by taking soil of specific places  and putting into  water.These meterial comes from the quarries of santa maria.

Granite: is extracted by different methods of cutting to extract different deposits of places called quarries. Then are polished, put on trucks and sent to fabricators.This material is extracted in the  quarries of Levantina.

Original and current function.

Originally, was a private garden, for the people that could live in the palace, now is a public garden for the people that live in the apartments and also for the people that want to relax or visit it.

Main architectural and decorative elements.

The main decorative elements are the floor that is a herringbone floor made with bricks, the main fountain with a spiral-shape, that it’s on the middle of the garden and there’s another one smaller at the north size. On the other hand, there’s also a layout and a decorative arch with flowers.   

State of conservation and restorations carried out.

Cause the garden now is public the garden has been deteriorated and some parts have some rubbish, the fountain for example is bronken.

360º Image

Music: Henry Purcell Allegro (Rock version)

Aurasma:

     

Webgraphy:

http://www.rutasconhistoria.es

http://www.thoughtco.com

Made by:

Rubén Fernández

Sonia Barbero

Youssef Vacas

Carlota Martín