Mercado de la Cebada

MUSIC

By Ulytau – Vivaldi Rock Winter

Original song: Four Seasons, Winter – Antonio Vivaldi

HISTORICAL CONTEXT

Today, the building known as “Mercado de la Cebada,” which has a contemporary artistic style, was a square called “Plaza de la Cebada” in the XVI century. It wouldn’t become the “Mercado de la Cebada” until 1870 when Mariano Calvo y Pereira built it out of iron and glass. Approximately one century after, the town hall of Madrid was ordered to be destroyed in order to build another one, this time made of clay, bricks, concrete and tilling.

“Plaza de la Cebada” XVI century:

“Mercado de la Cebada” XIX century:

“Mercado de la Cebada” XXI century :

360º Picture of the interior of the “Mercado de la Cebada”:

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE

The “Mercado de la Cebada” was built in 1870 by an architect called Mariano Calvo y Pereira, but later the town hall was destroyed and another onewas built. It was bigger with other materials and colours. It has six paralels domes, colored with visible colours.

Here you have a 3D view of the building:

GEOLOGICAL ASPECTS

The “Mercado de la Cebada” has been build two times: the first time, the materials used on it were iron and glass, and the second time (which is the one we have now) the architect used concrete and clay for the walls, bricks for the façade and tiles for the floor. The main rocks used were:

-Bricks: are made up of clay which is a sedimentary rock. It has good absorption, is resistant to high temperatures, is transpirable and it has plasticity. This material is used for making bricks. This rock changes color with rain and pollution. The townhall of Madrid pick the clay from quarries in the north like the one in Salamanca, the one in Badajoz in the west or the one in Murcia and Seville in the south-east and south of Spain

-Concrete: an artificial sedimentary rock. It has many forms, is very viscous and is sensitive to heat and humidity. This material is used becuse light passes better through it, it has a very good structural resistance and it is sensitive to heat and humidity. This rock changes color with rain and pollution.

In the next image you have to use AURASMA to see the

WEBLIOGRAPHY

 

By: Pablo de la Cruz, Serena Blanco, Luna Lopez, Natalia Ventoso.